Combination Globe and Planetarium
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Combination Globe and Planetarium, Spain, second half 19th century, the 10-inch globe with twelve printed colored gores, giving national borders, currents, and other features, the interior with educational material on the Earth, space and natural history, the planetarium signed "Verano Otono, Invierno Primavera," with central brass sun, wood geared Earth with colored gores, one (of three) planetary discs, Jupiter, on seasonal and Zodiacal disc, the whole on ebonized turned stand, ht. 20 in.
Note: There is no apparent maker's signature on this instrument, however, where one would expect to find a maker's cartouche, the Pacific, is an affixed label for Benjamin Tena, Villa Franca Del Cid, Castellon, Globos Planetarios Con Patente. There are similarities between this globe and those of the only recorded Spanish globe maker, Pedro Martin de Lopez of Madrid, who was known to make folding globes and orreries, c. 1850. However, the style and information, especially in the interior, suggest a later date. Also, the interior has a printer's signature of J. Ortega, Valencia. Of special interest are the brief descriptions of the history of the world along with the wonderful illustrations of extinct animals including dinosaurs, the Dodo bird, mastodons and even primitive humans.